REPORTS FROM EARLY BRITISH CAT SHOWS - 1891

This is compiled from reports of the early British cat shows collected from various newspapers and show catalogues.

1891 CRYSTAL PALACE CAT SHOW

CRYSTAL PALACE CAT SHOW Morning Post, 16th September 1891
The Twenty- Third National Cat Show, Tuesday and Wednesday, October 20 and 21 Sixteen special prizes, including the National Cat. Club's Gold Medal (open), nine silver medals, challenge cups, silver plate, etc. Entries close October 7. Schedules now ready. Sent post free on application to the Manager, Crystal Palace, S.E.

NOTES FROM THE 1891 CRYSTAL PALACE SHOW CATALOGUE

cat show

1891 was a good year for cat shows, with at least forty shows - from Canterbury in the east to Penzance in the west, from Brighton in the south to Ayr, Dundee and Dalkeith in the north. Croydon had a show in 1891 as did more obscure places such as Downend, Dalmellington and Eggleston, but as usual, the outstanding show of the year was the National held at the Crystal Palace. This attracted over 400 exhibitors and almost 600 cats, although two longhairs called "Sandy" and "Tiger" arrived too late for judging. In the Shorthair section, the class for "Tortoiseshell and Tortoiseshell-and-White Males" had only one entry - Mr. Johnson's "Tommy", but judge George Billett decided that Tommy was not worth a first prize (for those who can't work it out, cats are judged against a breed standard and not against each other). There were eighteen cats in the "Tortoiseshell and Tortoiseshell -and-White Females" classes. There were three classes for tabbies. Mrs Herring's Silver Tabby Shorthair, Jimmy (or "Jemmy" for those in the northern counties!), continued his successful show career with another First. In 1890 he had won his class and won the gold medal for the Best Cat in Show at Brighton.

There were only six entries in the Siamese class and the first prize was won by Mrs Lee's Meo, who had already won a National Cat Club gold medal. Mrs Wellman's White Shorthair was another cat that continued an already illustrious show career. Minnie had her first win at the Crystal Palace in 1884 and had won again in 1885. She got Seconds and Thirds between 1886 and 1888, then got Firsts in 1889 until her last appearance on the show-bench in 1892 after which she retired. As with most cats, the catalogue had a claiming (sale) price - if the breeder didn't really want to sell the cat, this was set very high. Minnie's claiming prize was £10 - a very large amount at the time.

The Longhair entries in 1891 were much more numerous at the shows than Shorthairs. There were two good classes for White Longhairs, attracting 12 cats, though only "Prince Rupert" had blue eyes and he only achieves Commended. Later, orange eyes and odd eyes would be penalised in Whites. Thirty-one Blue Longhairs were entered in two classes, quite an achievement for a variety that had only recently been granted a class of its own. The classification stated the cats must be "blue without white" - breeders had not then eradicated white lockets or bell markings. Frances Simpson obtained a Third in the Blue Longhairs with "Beauty," a cat she had bought at the 1890 Crystal Palace show. Beauty must have been out of sorts at the Crystal Palace show as she had won firsts at Crystal Palace and Brighton in 1890 and she went on to provide some outstanding kittens. Simpson went on to become Secretary of the Blue Persian society and bred some excellent cats.

The cats in the A.O.V. classes at the Crystal palace in 1891 included a "Cheetah Cat." The catalogue doesn't describe exactly what this is and it is unlikely (though not impossible!) to have been a Cheetah, although small wildcats were exhibited. There were two Black cats "imported from China " exhibited by Mrs Warner (wo later became Mrs. McLaren Morrison). Mrs Carew-Cox exhibited a blue-and-white Russian cat and also a Blue Archangel called Lingpopo who was described as "very tame". Mr. Jagel exhibited three kittens under six weeks old (unthinkable by modern standards), but did not win a prize or even a card.

cat show

HARRISON WEIR RESIGNS AS CAT SHOW JUDGE. London Daily News (and widely reprinted), 2nd October 1891
Mr. Harrison Weir has resigned his seat as judge for the Cat Show, a popular institution founded by Mr. Weir himself more than twenty years ago. If we count rabbits, pigeons, poultry, etc., Mr. Harrison Weir has been for forty years a "fancier judge." In a letter to "Poultry," he explains that he has given up his Cat Show judgeship because of some differences between the manager and himself regarding classes and schedules of prizes; Mr. Weir considering that, out of fairness to exhibitors, who incur so much expense and risk in forwarding their pets to these shows, the number of ,classes should be increased. His judgeship on the Fruit Committee of the Royal Agricultural . Society is the only position of the kind which , Mr. Weir means to retain. It is unnecessary to say that cat lovers and cat exhibitors will regret Mr. Weir's decision.

THE CAT SHOW AT THE CRYSTAL PALACE. St James's Gazette, 21st October 1891
The twenty-third National Cat Show was opened yesterday at the Crystal Palace and will be continued to-day. The entries number 603, an increase of sixty-seven compared with last year, when the number was the highest on record. The gold medal for the best cat in the exhibition, presented by the National Cat Club, was won by Mrs. A. Herring’s silver tabby “Jimmy,” which secured the second prize at last year's show, and which has also gained several medals at other shows. “Jimmy" also secured the special prize for the best short-haired cat in the exhibition. Mrs. Pottinger’s “Beauty,” which has twice secured the first Prize at the Crystal Palace, was awarded the special prize for the best long-haired cat in the show, as well as the challenge vase presented by Mr. A. A. Clarke, the treasurer of the National Cat Club. The challenge vase, presented bv Mr. A. A. Clarke, for the best cat in classes 22 and 28, was secured by Mr. W. Goodwill's blue “Smoke Jack.”

NATIONAL CAT SHOW. NORTH-COUNTRY WINNERS. Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail - Wednesday 21 October 1891 and Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer - Wednesday 21 October 1891
The twenty-third National Cat Show, opened yesterday the Crystal Palace, may be pronounced the most successful yet held, the number of exhibitors exceeding 400, and the animals generally are of higher class. The champion of the show is short-haired silver tabby, “Jimmy,” the property of Mrs Herring, of Lee, Kent. "Jimmy,” though only 17 months old, may already be regarded as a veteran, having taken a second at the Palace lost year, first and medal at Brighton, a second at Bagshot, and another first at Maidenhead. On the present occasion he carries off the first in his class (a silver medal) as the best short-haired cat exhibited, along with another special prize and the Society’s gold medal, conferred upon the best animal in the exhibition. Mrs Pottinger’s “Beauty,” two years and eleven months, a pure white long-haired cat, takes the first in her class, a silver medal, and, for the second time, the Challenge Vase as the best long-haired cat exhibited. Among exhibits from the Northern counties the following are prize-winners:
Short-haired he cats. Class 2 - Brown tabby - 1, Mrs G. H. Hutchinson, Darlington; 3, Mr J. Hardy, Darlington.
Class 3 - Silver or blue tabby - 3, Mrs Pyle, Sunderland.
Class 4 – Red Tabby – 2, Mrs. Welburn, Beverley.
Short-haired she cats. - Class 8 - 1 Tortoiseshell - 3, Mrs Downs, Stockton.
Class 9 – Toertoiseshell and White – 1, Mr. C. Graves, Chesterfield.
Class 10 – Brown tabby – Mr. F. Auckland, Goole.
Class 11 – Silver Tabby – Mrs. S. Sugden, Withnell.
Class 12 - Red tabby - 3, Mr Kenneth Hutchinson, Eggleston, Darlington.
Class 13 – Black – 1, Miss N. Pilling, Rawtenstall.
In Class 19 for Short-haired Kittens two very handsome “Siamese,” exhibited by Miss Hill, Helen’s bay, County Down, took 1st and 3rd prizes, the 2nd falling to Mr. J. Mottershead, Oldham Road, Manchester.
Long-haired he cats. - Class 20 - Pure white - 3, Mrs J. H. B. Warner, Kepwick Park, Northallerton. [note: Mrs. Warner later became Mrs. McLaren Morrison]
Class 22 - Blue self-colour, 1st and special prize for best animal in classes 22 to 28 - Mr W. Goodwill, Brinkburn, Darlington.
Class 23 - Brown or Red tabby - 2, Mrs J. Bird, Cockerton, near Darlington; 3, Miss Southam, Birkdale.
Long-haired she cats. - Class 28 - Blue - 1, Mrs J. H. B. Warner, Kepwick Park, Northallerton.
Class 33 - Long-haired kittens, under three months - 3, Miss Stobart Pepper, Arden, near Northallerton.
Class 34 - Long-haired kittens, between three and six months, whole colour - 3, Mr C. Heslop, Darlington.
Class 35, ditto, other colours - 1 and silver medal, Mr W, Goodwill, Brinkburn, Darlington.
Class 43 – Long-haire Tabby, Gelded – 3, Mrs. T. Panton, Keswick.

NATIONAL CAT SHOW. Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail, 21st October 1891
Many things are to seen at the Crystal Palace in the course of the year. [. . .] The special feature this week is a cat show - the “National Cat Show,” as it is called. It is an annual institution, and the exhibition opened yesterday was the twenty-third of the series. That the race of cat fanciers is not approaching extinction may be gathered from the fact that the show is one of the best ever held at the Palace, that there are as many as fifty-six classes, with 603 entries. People who affect to hate and despise these “harmless, necessary,” domestic pets may be surprised to learn that there is such an institution as the National Cat Club, and that the gold medal which it gives for competition at this exhibition is an object eagerly sought after by breeders and fanciers.

CAT SHOW. Gloucester Citizen, 21st October 1891
The 23rd annual cat show was opened at the Crystal Palace on Tuesday, and proved the largest on record, 603 animals being exhibited. The entries came from all parts of the country, including Gloucester and Cheltenham, but none of the prizes came this way.

CAT SHOW. The Sportsman, 21st October 1891
The annual Cat Show was opened at the Crystal Palace yesterday, this being the twenty-third of the series, and haring produced 603 entries, divided into 56 classes. In addition to numerous money prizes the Company gives two special awards of silver articles and nine silver medals, the National Cat Club gives a gold medal, and Mr A. A. Clarke, the treasurer of that body, presents four beautifully mounted emu-egg vases and cups. Mr A. A. Clarke, Mr G. Billett, and Mr G. H. Billett were the judges. This year the champion of the show is a beautiful silver tabby, Jemmy, which belongs to Mrs Herring. One of the challenge vases offered by Mr Clarke was taken by Mrs Pottinger's Beauty, a fine, pure white animal, aged nearly three years. The vase has to be won three times, not necessarily in succession, before it comes the property of the holder, and it has now been taken twice by Mrs. Pottinger (Clapham-rise), who, being then Miss Abbott, won it last year. Another vase, competed for on the same terms, was taken by Mr W. Goodwill’s ( Darlington) blue Smoke Jack, together with first prize. Mrs. W. W. Walker (Warwick) takes a first and an emu-egg claret cup with two blue long haired kittens, Romulus and Dido, under three months old; and Mrs W. Wlls (Isleworth) a first and an emu-egg spirit barrel for a couple of long-haired kittens over three months old. Amongst the other principal prize winners are Mrs G. H. Hutchinson, Darlington, in the class for he-tortoiseshells; Mr W. Letts, Norwood, in that for red tabbies; Mr C. H. Lane, Bristol, for black or white ; Mr Dobson, Lee, Manx ; and Mrs Herring, who has a superb blue Persian, which has won nearly a dozen prizes and medals before. This lady is one of the largest contributors to the show, sending from Lee, Kent, no fewer than seventeen entries.

CATS AT THE CRYSTAL PALACE. Morning Post, 21st October 1891
The 23d annual cat show was opened at the Crystal Palace yesterday, and will be continued to-day. The judges, Messrs. A. A. Clarke, George Billett, and George Billett, jun., had some difficulty in selecting the prize- takers from the 603 entries, albeit the list of awards is very large, including, besides the three prizes in each of the 55 classes, two special awards, and nine silver medals by the Crystal Palace Company, a gold medal by the National Cat Club. The champion of this year's show is a large silver Tabby, Jemmy, 17 months old, the property of Mrs. Herring, of Lee, Kent. Jemmy is already an old prize-winner, having been second in his class at the Crystal Palace last year, and subsequently first with a medal at Brighton, second at Bagshot, and first at Maidenhead. Here he has won the gold medal for the best cat in the show, a silver medal, one of the special prizes, and the 1st prize in his class. Another valuable animal is Beauty, a pure white long-haired cat, who takes a challenge vase, the 1st prize in her class, and a special prize as the best long-haired cat in the show. Her owner, Mrs. Pottinger, of Clapham-rise, has already won several prizes with Beauty, who was born in Bombay, including the challenge vase at the Palace last year. If Beauty holds her own in 1892 the vase will become Mrs. Pottinger's own property. Mrs. Herring is one of the largest individual exhibitors, sending no fewer than 17 animals, three others of which besides Jemmy take 1st prizes. Mrs. J. H. B. Warner [note: she later became Mrs. McLaren Morrison], of North Allerton, also has 17 entries, the best, a fine black Persian, taking a 1st prize. The second challenge vase is taken by Mr. W. Goodwill's (Darlington) "Smoke Jack," a blue, long-haired cat nearly two years old. In the class for this description of very young kittens Mr. W.W. Walker (Warwick) wins a 1st prize with a pretty pair under three months old ; Mrs. W. Wells (Isleworth) obtaining a like success with two kittens of the same breed over three months. An habitue of the Show is Minnie, a white-haired cat, eight and a half years old, who has been taking prizes here since 1884. There are half a dozen entries of the curious-looking, dark fawn coloured, black faced Siamese cats, and seven tailess animals associated by name with the Isle of Man. The special classes for cats belonging to working men were well filled, all the 1st prize winners, except one, hailing from the immediate neighbourhood of the Palace. The animals were the objects of affectionate attention and admiration on the part of the visitors who crowded the show from the moment the judges had finished their labours until the Palace was closed.

CAT SHOW AT THE CRYSTAL PALACE. London Daily News, 21st October 1891
The fact there has been no falling-off in to the number of entries to this exhibition, but, on the contrary, rather an increase, shows that there is no diminution in the popularity of these shows, which yesterday entered on their twenty-third year. There are about 380 exhibitors, and no fewer than 603 exhibits. Of the exhibitors, we have estimated that 243 are ladies and 131 gentlemen, a few of them having left it doubtful by their description to which sex they belong. This goes to prove that, after all, the cultivation of this particular fancy still lies within the province of women rather than of men. They have, moreover, been successful in the proportion of prizes they have taken. Mrs. Herring, for example, who has seventeen cats in the show, exhibits the best animal, in the opinion of the judges, that is to be seen here. “Jem my," the champion of the exhibition, has a long record of successes to show, though he is but 17 months old. A very interesting class is that for cats belonging to working men, and in this some very fine specimens of the short-haired cat are shown. “Fancy" prices do not reign in this department, though a good many are “not for sale." Some of the prices, however, seem prohibitive, especially that of £40 for a Persian, aged seven years. Prices ran from £1,000, for cats down to 5s., and 3s. 6d. for kittens, and at the latter rate sales were freely effected, as there is no telling what potential wealth in the shape of prize winning exists in a well-bred kitten.

The cats are sent from all parts of the country, and even from Ireland. They are well looked after, and in most cases their owners display their solicitude by daily visits. To one cage was attached a card, earnestly requesting that no meat should be given to the occupant. Many of the cats were furnished by their owners with luxurious cushions of padded silk and satin on which to repose, but those who had not seemed quite content with the straw, which; indeed, in the case of the kittens supplied abundant opportunities for play. The show, which continues during to-day, was well attended and seemed to afford particular delight to the lady and children visitors.. Some of the cats seemed to resent their enforced confinement, but on the whole they were apparently happy, and undoubtedly well cared for.

MRS. HERRING – NATIONAL CAT SHOW. Kentish Mercury, 23rd October 1891
It will be seen by our report of the Cat Show held this week at the Crystal Palace that Mrs. Louisa Herring, of Leystock House, Lee with whose name our readers are familiar as the owner of the late lamented dog Carlo, whose philanthropic efforts on behalf of the Saturday Hospital Fond, we have often chronicled - has carried, with a phalanx of seventeen remarkable cats, all competition before her at the Exhibition, to which candidates for honours were brought from all parts of the United Kingdom. Mrs. Herring has won a gold medal, a silver medal, fruit spoons and sifter, four first prizes, four second, and one third, as well as several minor prizes. Mrs. Herring writes as follows:- “Will you kindly mention my cats are still gathering for the hospital box, and will gladly welcome visitors any afternoon by appointment if a contribution is placed in the hospital box, of course only silver or gold from those so disposed.“ We cannot doubt this kind-hearted invitation will be very widely accepted. The address is Leystock House, Leyland-road, Lee.

THE CAT SHOW. SCOTTISH WINNERS. The Scotsman, 23rd October 1891
In connection with our notice of the Crystal Palace Cat Show, it should be stated that two of the prize-winning cats came from Edinburgh, being the property of Herbert W. H. Warner. These are well-known winners, both in England and Scotland. Another Scotsman exhibited – namely, Mr. P. Inglis, clerk of works to his Grace the Duke of Buccleuch, who got very highly commended in the gelded class.

CAT SHOW AT THE CRYSTAL PALACE. IRISH WINNER. Belfast Weekly News, 24th October 1891
This year’s cat show at the Crystal Palace presents many interesting and somewhat novel features. The competitors come from Ireland, as well as from the rest of the United Kingdom. The animals on view numbered 603, most of the exhibitors being ladies. Although cats do not readily take to and feel comfortable in strange quarters, they, on the whole, seem disposed to make the best of their novel situation. [. . .] The winner of the four month old kitten competition is a pretty short-haired little animal and is owned by Miss Hill from County Down.

THE CRYSTAL PALACE CAT SHOW. Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News , 31st October 1891
The National Cat Show was held at the Crystal Palace last week and attracted 603 entries, an increase upon last year. Messrs. A. Clarke and G. and G. H. Billett were the judges. The most successful animal in the show was Mrs. L. Herring's beautifully marked Silver tabby Jimmy, which was adjudged the best short-haired cat in the show, and was the winner of three special prizes, including a silver medal and the gold medal presented by the National Cat Club for the best cat in the entire show. Jimmy is only seventeen months old, and has already taken many prizes elsewhere. Mrs. G. Pottinger had also reason to be proud of her pure white long-haired Beauty, which was the best of her kind in the show, and won, besides special prizes, the Emu Egg Challenge Vase, presented by Mr. A. A. Clarke. The same donor gave other challenge vases and cups, which were respectively awarded to Mr. W. Goodwill, Mrs. Waine-Walker, and Mrs. W. Wells. Silver medals were taken by Mrs. Lee, Mrs. J. Hurst, Mrs. Shelley, Mr. W. Goodwill, Mr. I. S. Barber, Miss Boddington, and Miss Hammond. Of the exhibitors, perhaps the most enterprising has been Mrs. Warner, of Northallerton, and Mrs. Herring, of Lee, who each sent seventeen cats, amongst Mrs. Herring's being a splendid blue Persian. Two kittens have come all the way from county Down, but the neighbourhood of Norwood furnishes most of the competitors. Darlington seems, however, to be well off in the matter of cats, for several have journeyed from that town to the Crystal Palace.

A CATS' FIELD DAY. Preston Herald - Saturday 31 October 1891
Undoubtedly the cats of England have still their friends, even though at times their lot seems a hard one. Only last week the 23rd National Cat Show at the Crystal Palace was brought to a satisfactory close. At this show, which by this time is both well-known and popular, there were exhibited no less than 600 cats, all of which claimed to be above the average. Six hundred living cats! Shades of Whittington! What chance would a lad now have who came to win his fortune by the aid of tingle mouser? There, in that great house of glass, one wandered to and fro with cats on every side. There were short-haired cats, long-haired cats, cats with tails, cats without caudal appendages, Siameae cats, and cats from the kingdom of the Shah. Then to colour, one well might our ignorant eyes open in amazement, for there were tortoise-shell, brown, grey, tabby, silver, blue, red, red tabby, and white, black, black and white, pure white, yellow, and a whole host of the very strangest mixtures imaginable. There they sat in their show pens as comfortable as loving master or mistress could make them, the admired of an enthusiastic crowd of admirers, who came to pay them homage. Truly they were wonderful in their way, yet almost more marvellous were the strange names they bore. In future when we visit a lady friend who calls upon us to admire her lovely feline favourite that rubs so affectionately against our best garments, and plentifully bestows its objectionable loose hairs upon us, we shall not content ourselves with merely admiring Puss,” but shall talk wisely of such celebrities as Lord Remus, Shelley, Meo, Cheetah, Adolphe, Abdul-Zaphir, Dhurrie.

CRYSTAL PALACE. Isle of Man Times, 11th November 1891
Black and White, in its last issue, publishes a portrait of a Manx cat, Mr Dobson s "Sweet," a winner of a first prize at the Crystal Palace Cat Show.

The Weekly Wisconsin, December 12th, 189
There were nearly 1,000 pussies on exhibition at the cat show recently held in London. The majority of the entries were made by ladies. The breeds were divided into two class, the short-haired, and the long-haired. Tortoiseshell cats, tabby cats, Siamese cats, Angora cats, and a number of others were well represented. The Siamese puss, who took a first prize, is a pale cream color with dark chocolate feet, muzzle, ears and tail.1

HAPPY CATS. Famous Felines And Their Distinguished Owners.- The Chicago Tribune (and others), November 1891
The Excellences Of The Blue Ribbon Winners In The Crystal Palace Cat Show In London — Short-Haired Tabbies And Long-Furred Persian Pets — Curious Siamese Specimens — Origin And Antecedents.

Whatever triumphs America may achieve In the matter of horse shows and flower shows, England certainly exceeds in in the glory of her cat shows. The cat shows at the Crystal Palace have been established nearly a quarter of a century. The first one was a sensation, and was said by the stall-keepers to have attracted more carriage-visitors, with spare cash to expend, than almost any other show in their recollection. It was, however, of very limited extent; there were only twenty-five classes, in four of which there were no entries, and the number of cats exhibited was only about a hundred. At the show just held, which is the twenty-third, there were over 600 entries made by upwards for 400 exhibitors, the majority of whom were women, and the number of animals shown, as many of the classes contained two in each cage, and in others the cats were shown with families of kittens, must have approached nearly 1000.

Like all animals that have long been domesticated, the cat exhibits a great variety in form, size, color and markings. For most of these variations prizes were given at the last Palace show. Setting aside those offered for the cats belonging to working-men, there were no less than forty-four classes for the different breeds, which were arranged in two groups – namely the short-haired cats and the long-haired cats. The short-haired cats came first on the list; they had nineteen classes. The first class in the show was for tortoise-shell or tortoise-shell and white, male cats. In this there was only one entry, a tortoise-shell and white, which took a second prize. Formerly prizes were offered for tortoise-shell male cats separately, but during the years that the Palace show has been established so few specimens have been established that the prize has been withdrawn, and it is doubtful at the present moment whether there is a true tortoise-shell male cat in existence. On one occasion at the Crystal Palace, an animal was sent in which looked like a perfect specimen of this peculiar and rare-colored marking, but careful examination showed that it had been artistically dyed. It is a singular circumstance that female cats of tortoise-shell color. In which the red and the black are mottled together, are by no means uncommon. But it seems at present almost impossible to breed a male of this color without the presence of white.

Amongst the most popular markings in the fancy cats are those spoken of as tabbies, with dark stripes on a lighter ground. These at the show were arranged in three classes spoken of as brown, silver, and red tabbies respectively. One of the most beautiful cats of this kind in the exhibition was Mrs. Herring’s first prize silver tabby. This cat was also awarded the gold medal for the best cat in the exhibition.

Among the most singular cats which have been introduced into England of late years are those known as the Siamese, which look like a cross between a cat and a pug dog. They are coming into favor, and half a dozen of the old cats and several young ones in the kitten classes wore exhibited at the show. Miss Hill's “Cheetah” showed the peculiar markings more distinctly than any other animal exhibited. The ground color of this cat is a pale cream, becoming slightly darker on the hind quarters, the color of the extremities — that is to say, the muzzle, ears and tail and the four feet — being a very dark chocolate, approaching black. This singular variety of cat differs in shape from ordinary species, and was probably derived from a wild feline distinct from that which produced the ordinary domestic cat. This latter, as is well known to naturalists, was first domesticated by the Egyptians, who regarded it as a sacred animal, and idealized it into the Goddess Pasht, who is figured with a cats head, and was venerated all over Egypt. Prof. Conway maintained that Pasht was the Lady of Love, and corresponded in a crude sort of way to that much nobler conception, the Aphrodite of the Greeks. Pasht was always represented as a woman with a cat’s head, and the festivals to her honor wore fully described by Herodotus. The sacred cats were all mummified in Egypt, and three years ago an enormous find of cats’ mummies was made at Beni Hassan, a place a hundred miles south of Cairo, and well known for its wonderful tombs cut into the rocks. For three or four thousand years these mummified cats remained undisturbed. At last it was discovered that their remains made good manure, and the whole were dug up, exported from Egypt, received at Liverpool and ground into manure to encourage the growth of turnips for the English people.

The cat which was domesticated by the Egyptians was a north African species known to naturalists as felis maniculata, a totally distinct animal from the wild cat of Europe, which apparently has never been converted into a domestic animal. However that may be, the domestic cat, which has been carried to all parts of the world habitable by man, has allied itself to the smaller wild cats of the different countries, and thus we have variable animals in different parts of the world. It is in this way in all probability that the Siamese cat may have been produced, because the wild original of it is unknown.

In Persia, on the other band, there is a race of long-haired cats, which, when kept in good condition, are particularly beautiful and attractive. These cats are also known as Angoras. They partake of the color of the short-haired breeds, with which they readily amalgamate. The white are particularly beautiful, but require a great amount of care to keep them clean and in show condition. Mrs. Pottinger's “Beauty" was a long-haired white, worthy of her name. Scarcely 3 years old and born in India, she has taken the first prize at the Palace three years in succession, besides a number of other prizes and medals at provincial shows.

A beautiful black cat, belonging to Mrs. J. H. B. Warner, took the first prize for the second time. His name is, very appropriately, Satan, and he is a big fellow with a jet black coat in the best condition possible — a cat in which the innocent souls of the Salem witches would have delighted. Three other cats in this wonderful exhibition deserve mention, among them being Miss Kate Sangster's “Hector,” a longhaired blue, which has not yet attained its full size, and Miss Simpson’s bright-eyed Persian kittens. Taken all together, this group of highbred cats, whose portraits, as drawn by Mr. Louis Wain, are reproduced in the cuts, are enough to turn the head of a true lover of domestic pets.

1891 BEDFORDSHIRE CAT SHOW

BEDFORDSHIRE FANCIERS' ASSOCIATION. Bedfordshire Times and Independent, 3rd October 1891
Aided sand strengthened by the experience gained by their last year’s effort, the Bedfordshire Fanciers’ Association held the second annual show [. . . ] Wednesday and Thursday. Last year the Show was held under the auspices of the Bedford and beds. Ornithological Society but [. . .] it was not a correct name, because such things as rabbits and guinea-pigs, which are not usually classed in the sub-kingdom of the Aves are scarcely ornithological objects. [. . . ] There were no less than 2 [special prizes] for cats. [. . .] Cavies and cats were an interesting feature, the former numbering 46, and the latter 74, both showing a considerable increase. Of the cats there is little to say, except that some were enormously large, and others were prettily coloured or marked. The Judges were: Cats, Mr. J. Townshend, Hon. Secretary National Cat Club.
He-cat (long hair), 1, 2 sp, E. E. B. Parsons; 2, H. W. H. Warner: 3, vhc, G. Taylor.
She-cat (long hair), 1, R. T. Babb: 2, E. E. B. Parsons; 3, F. Winser.
He-cat (short hair), 1, W. Marlow; 2, Mrs. J. Gray; 3, R. T. Babb; vhc, S. Pearson.
She-cat (short hair). 1, vhc, Mrs. S. Sugrden; 2, R. T. Babb; 3, Mrs. Welsby.
Gelded cat (long hair), 1, J. Cooper; 2, Miss E. C. Pym; 3. Mrs. Crichton; v c, Mrs. Paulin.
Gelded cat (short hair). 1, H. Evans; 2, E. Buah: 3, Miss J. Apps; vhc, Mrs. Rattenbury.
Manx cat, 1, J. Harris; 2 G. Johnson.
Any variety, 1, Mrs. H. B. Thompson; 2, Mrs. Welsby 3, Mrs. F. J. Thring; extra 3, H. W. H. Warner; vhc, G. Eaton.
Members’ Class: Any variety, 1, F.Kingston; 2, C. L. Sharratt; 3, Miss Collett; vhc, Batterbee and Harris.

1891 DUNDEE CAT SHOW

THE DUNDEE DOG AND CAT SHOW. Dundee Evening Telegraph, 21st August 1891
The fourth exhibition of sporting and other dogs, under the auspices the Angus and Mearns Canine Club, and held under Kennel Club rules, was opened in the Drill Hall, Dundee, to-day. The weather in the morning was dull, and about eleven o'clock a thunder storm passed over the city, which caused the judges, who were performing their duties in the square in front the hall, to retire to the hall to judge the dogs.

THE DUNDEE DOG AND CAT SHOW. Dundee Evening Telegraph, 21st August 1891
Mrs. John Anderson, the judge of the cats, is little known outside of her own particular fancy. Her husband, John Anderson, is one the oldest fanciers in Scotland, and was a frequent exhibitor the large shows in England many years ago. His knowledge of cats is very extensive, in fact he has the reputation of being the best judge in Scotland. Mrs Anderson has acted as judge at some small shows, and the opinion those well qualified to judge is that with little more experience she would equal her husband as a judge of felines. Mrs Anderson keeps always a few prize cats.

1891 dundee cat show

THE DUNDEE DOG AND CAT SHOW. Dundee Courier – 21st August and 22nd August 1891
The fourth annual exhibition of dogs and cats promoted by the Angus and Mearns Canine Club is to be opened in the Drill Hall, Dundee, to-day. This year's show promises to be not only the 'largest, but the best ever held the annals of this young but vigorous and flourishing society. The entries this year number 562, compared with 541 in 1890. [. . .] The entries of cats number in all 39, and many beautiful and tabbies, some of them all the way from England, are shown.

Cats were a good show. There were six entries in the class for long-haired toms, but two of them were disqualified on account of their being geldings. The first prize was won by Mr J. H. Bell's "Pluto," a young cat with a beautiful black coat, and fine bushy tail. In the long-haired tabby class some very nice specimens were caged. The first ticket was awarded to Mr William Mathers' "Tibbie," a very large and beautiful silver grey with a lovely coat and tail. No awards were given for short-haired toms, as there were only two entries, and one of these was disqualified, while the other was of no special merit. There were five entries for the short-haired tabbies, all of which were very good, the first prize being awarded to a beautiful dun-coloured cat belonging to Miss Nellie Noble. Long-haired kittens were an excellent lot, the first and second prizes being awarded to two beauties, the property of Mr J. B. Macdonald, Dundee. The first ticket in the short-haired kitten class was secured by Mr David L. Ford with a litter of five, four white and one black ; while the second went to a lively tabby. There were seven entries for long and short-haired geldings, and the first prize was taken by a beautiful pure-white cat.

1891 BRIGHTON CAT SHOW

The Brighton show held on 26th and 27th November 1891 described itself as "Under the Patronage of the National Cat Club," and inside the catalogue was a statement of the aims and objects of this Club, which had been founded a few years earlier. The Hon. Secretary at the time was Mr. J. W. Townsend. The show itself was a great success for a provincial show; attracting nearly 150 exhibitors and 250 cats. Frances Simpson judged cats for the first time at this show. The two judges who had been appointed were George Billett and A. A. Clarke (Treasurer of the National Cat Club), but George Billett was ill on the days of the show and Frances Simpson was asked to take his place. This was an important milestone in her "catty" career.

THE BRIGHTON CAT SHOW. — Sussex Agricultural Express - 27th and 28th November 1891, Dorking and Leatherhead Advertiser, 12th December 1891, Hastings and St Leonards Observer, 28th November 1891
At this show this week, Dr. F. Graveley, of Newick, was highly commended for a tortoiseshell feline species.
Amongst the prize winners at the Brighton cat show on Wednesday, we notice the name of Miss Olive, of Buxted, who took third in the “any colour” class.
Mrs. Burtenshaw, of Cuckfield, received the first prize (7s. 6d.) in the “tabby or any colour” class, the Brighton cat show on Wednesday.[for a cat called “Tim”]
Mr. T. Allcorn, of Tunbridge Wells. was highly commended for his specimen, at the Brighton cat show on Wednesday.
Mr. C. Minney, of Crawley, was highly recommended for a “tabby” feline specimen.
Miss E. L. Nutt won the third prize (5s.) in the tortoisehell class.
Mrs. I. Davis, of Henfield, received a highly commended award.
Mr. F. M. Huggett, of Lewes, carried off the first prize of 15s in the any colour class.
Mr. J. Harkell [Betchworth] was awarded a second prize of 5s in the class “tabby of any other colour,” in the exhibits open to working men.
In Class 6, for brown tabby and brown tabby and white cats, Miss S. P. Hawes, 36, Quarry-road, Hastings, took second prize with Brownie." The Show this year is a good one.

1891 REGIONAL CAT SHOWS

RUGBY POULTRY, BIRD, AND CAT SHOW. Northampton Mercury, 13th February 1891
Local Exhibitors were well the fore at the Rugby Poultry, Bird, and Cat Show. Mr. A. E. Coleman was first in the long-hair cat class, beating some of the principal winners in the country.

BIDEFORD FANCIERS’ SOCIETY. North Devon Gazette, 17th February 1891
At the first annual meeting of the Bideford and District Fanciers’ Society in the Market Hall last Wednesday, H. M. Bazeley, Esq., presiding, there was a large attendance of members. [. . .] Mr. Slee moved that dogs added to the fancies of the Society. There were a good many dogs of tine breed in the town. - Mr. Grant seconded - Mr. Perkin asked why cats could not be introduced as well as dogs. Gentlemen present explained that from former experience the Committee thought it undesirable to have a cat show.

GLASTONBURY FANCIERS' ASSOCIATION FIRST ANNUAL SHOW Taunton Courier, and Western Advertiser, 25th February 1891
Glastonbury Fanciers' Association The first annual show (open to the United Kingdom) of poultry, pigeons, rabbits, cats, cavies, cage birds, and dead poultry was held in the Assembly-rooms, Glastonbury, on Wednesday and Thursday, when prizes to the value of £150 were offered for competition, including a number of special prizes and a champion prize, the Poultry Club's silver medal for most, points gained in the poultry classes, and champion prize cup, value two guineas,, for most points in the pigeon classes. The show was held under Poultry and Pigeon Club rules. The whole of the classes, 122 in number, were well filled, exhibitors sending from Ireland, Scotland, and Wales [. . .] There was an excellent show of cats, the first prize the open class being won by a splendid animal belonging to Mr A Oately, of Wells; Mr AS Baily, Glastonbury, came second, and was very highly commended for another lot in the same class. For the short-haired class, any variety, the first prize was awarded to a handsome blue Russian cat, twenty months old, the property of Mr Roberts, of Bristol.

DOG AND CAT SHOW. Thetford & Watton Times and People's Weekly Journal, 28th February 1891
February 1891. Dog and cat show. Under the Patronage of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. Third annual exhibition of dogs and cats at the Norfolk and Norwich Kennel Club, Corn Hall, Norwich, On Easter Tuesday, March 31st, 1891. Numerous Specials, Extra Classes, and Increased Prise Money. Entries close March 17th. For schedules and particulars apply to Mr. W. C. Pitts. A Cedar Road, Thorpe Hamlet, Norwich. Office: Davey Place Chambers.

DOG AND CAT SHOW. Diss Express, 3rd April 1891
Under the auspices of the Norfolk and Norwich Kennel Club the third annual exhibition of dogs and cats was opened the Corn Hall on Tuesday morning. The catalogue contained 342 entries, and there was an all round improvement in the quality of the exhibits as compared with last year.

POULTRY, DOG, AND CAT SHOW. Northampton Mercury, 17th April 1891
The next Poultry, Dog, and Cat Show will be held on the 9th and 10th of December.

THE DALKEITH AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY’S ANNUAL SHOW. The Scotsman, 6th June 1891
The Dalkeith Agricultural Society’s Annual Show of Horses, Cattle, Sheep, and Swine will be held in Elmfield Park, Newmills Road, on Saturday, 27th June 1891. [. . .] Grand Opend Dog and Cat Show under the auspices of the Society. 33 Dog and 4 Cat classes. Judge – George Raper, Esq., Sheffield. Schedules and all information form Mr. John Watson, 49 high Street, Dalkeith, with whom entries close 20th June.

FLOWER AND CAT SHOW. East Anglian Daily Times, 10th August 1891
The second annual Flower and Cat Show in connection with the Stutton Band of Hope took place in a meadow belonging to Mr. W. J. Graham, of Crepping Hall, on Thursday afternoon. The exhibits were more numerous and of better quality than last year. The cat show was very successful. As many as 50 of these useful “rat and mice exterminators” were caged, and their good and bad points discussed by a throng of spectators.

CAT SHOW AT KESWICK. Carlisle Express and Examiner, 12th September 1891
Stimulated by the presence in Keswick of Mr. J. W. Townsend, hon. sec. of the National Cat Club, several gentlemen organised a cat show, which was held on Thursday in the Fitz Park. Mr. Townsend acted as judge and Mr. J. C. Scott. Keswick, as hon. secretary and treasurer. There was a good entry from all parts of the country. The first prize for short-haired males went to Darlington, the second being taken by Mr. J. H. Wilson, Keswick. Mrs. Bownes, Keswick, won the first prize for shorthaired females. In the long-haired classes all the prizes were taken by animals from a distance. In another short-haired class, Mr. James Campbell, Cockermouth Industrial School, took first honours; and the first in the corresponding long-haired class was won by Dr. Crawford, Keswick, with an animal which took the silver medal for the best cat in the show. The prizes for long and short-haired kittens were all taken by distant exhibitors, with the exception of a second awarded to Mrs. Murray, Forge, Keswick. Altogether there were 53 entries.

GLASGOW KENNEL CLUB DOG AND CAT SHOW. Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, 19th September 1891
The Glasgow Kennel Club Dog and Cat Show Friday evening last (September 11th), saw the close of the three days' most successful show of the Glasgow Kennel Club. Burnbank Drill Halls were the scene of the exhibition. Both the buildings and the locality are most suitable for such a purpose. The show, both in point of numbers and quality, was most encouraging to the gentlemen who have done so much to make the club an institution. [. . .] In the cat section of the show some very pretty exhibits were shown. A beautiful golden-brown long-haired Tom was shown by Mrs. T. S. Smith, which carried off second honours. The Misses Lang showed a long-haired Ardenvahr, which took first and special. Mr. Bennett's Minstrel Boy was a kitten of much promise both in form and colour. The show was well patronised and much enjoyed by both the classes and the masses, and reflects much credit on the [Glasgow Kennel] Club.

DOG AND CAT SHOW AT PAISLEY. Glasgow Herald, 30th October 1891
The Paisley Kennel Club's fifth annual show was held yesterday in the Drill Hall, Paisley. The entries number 363, an increase of 150 over last year.
Tom cats – 1st Miss Finlayson, Merchiston Castle, Johnstone; 2nd H. McLeslie, Largs.
Tabbies – 1st [???] 8 King’s Stable Road, Edinburgh; 2nd James [???]
Kittens – 1st J. Dow, Brown’s Place, Edinburgh; 2nd H.W.H. Warner, Stateford Road, Edinburgh; 3rd Agnes McAllister, Paisley.

CHELTENHAM POULTRY, PIGEON, CAGE BIRD, RABBIT, AND CAT SHOW. Gloucester Citizen, 5th November 1891
The Cheltenham Association has been eminently successful in producing grand show, which was opened on Wednesday at the Winter Gardens, by Ald. J. C. Griffith, in the unavoidable absence of the Mayor. [. . .]The judges were [. . .] British and foreign birds, rabbits, cats, and cavies, Mr. G. H. Billett, jun. LOCAL WINNERS. Cats:—Mrs. Robinson, Cheltenham ; Voyle, Cheltenham Leach, Leckhampton ; Mrs. J. Adams, Cheltenham ; A. W. Davis, Cheltenham ; J. C. Griffith, Cheltenham; Watkins, Cheltenham; Miss Marks, Cheltenham.

DOG, POULTRY, PIGEON, ETC. SHOW Norfolk News, 14th November 1891
Thursday and Friday week the third open exhibition of the local society for promoting such shows was held in the Corn Exchange, and proved highly successful one. The departments contained many fine specimens [. . .] the cat show was poor. The judges were –rabbits, cats and cavies – Mr. A.E.D. Enfield.

HAWICK SHOW. The Berwick Advertiser, 13th November 1891
At Hawick Bird and Cat Show on Friday, the prize takers included [cats were not listed].

THE GRAND POULTRY, PIGEON, RABBIT AND CAT SHOW Whitby Gazette, 27th November 1891
The Grand Poultry, Pigeon, Rabbit and Cat Show next Wednesday. One of the most interesting occasions prior to Christmas at Whitby has been now for the last few years the above show, to be again held in the Temperance Hall on Wednesday. For the present exhibition there is a very large entry – indeed, it might be termed an enormous one, and the various classes are exceedingly well filled, showing every prospect of it being a most successful show. [No follow up report with prize lists]

GREAT AYTON POULTRY SHOW. York Herald 30th December 1891
The fifth annual show of poultry, pigeons, rabbits, cats, cavies, etc , in connection with the Great Ayton Poultry Society was held in the Village Hall and British Schools, Great Ayton, yesterday afternoon. For so young an institution the show was excellently patronised, the exhibits being viewed by a constant stream of fanciers throughout the whole of the afternoon. The entries numbered 733, which, as compared with last year, showed an increase of 24, and, as compared with the previous year, an increase of 59. The most noticeable increase was in the poultry and pigeon sections. The exhibition of cats showed a slight falling off., there being only 14 entries. [Judges] Rabbits, cats, aud cavies, Oscar Moses, Esq., Darlington.
Cats.— Pure English cat— Mrs Welsby ; 2, W Layfield, Great Ayton ; 3, P Heslop.
Best foreign cat, any variety. - 1 and special, C Heslop ; 2, C E Smith, Darlington ; 3, F Freeman, Pinchingthorpe.

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